On February 7, 1959, a few weeks after coming to power, Fidel Castro buried the 1940
Constitution — which he had promised to reestablish, as can be
seen from reading Manifiesto de la Sierra Maestra (in Spanish) or Sierra Maestra Manifesto (in English) — and took away from Congress its functions legislative, eliminating the liberal democratic spirit of the
On February 16,
1959, a month and a half
after of the triumph of the Cuban revolution, Fidel Castro affirmed:
“(…) with the advantage of a rich country, where you can plant all the
time in the year, an intelligent people and enthusiastic people, anxious to achieve a better target people achieve a higher standard of living than any other country in the
On April 15, 1959, less than four months after leading a successful revolution, Fidel Castro began an
11-day visit to the United States. Castro came at the invitation of what was then called the American Society of Newspaper Editors. Castro said,
“I know the world thinks of us, we are Communists, and of course I have said very clear
that we are not Communists; very clear.” (emphasis mine)
Cuba is the only Western country without any free elections since
1948. It is also the only Western country where it has been illegal to be a member of the opposition since 1960, that is, for more than half century!
While Cuban law includes broad statements affirming fundamental rights, it also grants officials extraordinary
authority to penalize individuals who try to exercise them.
The Castro regime restricts the movement of citizens within Cuba by enforcing a 1997 law known as Decree 217. Designed to limit
migration to Havana, the decree requires Cubans to obtain government permission before moving to the country’s capital. It is often used to prevent dissidents traveling to Havana to attend
meetings, and to harass dissidents from other parts of Cuba who live in the capital.
Since inheriting control of the government from his brother Fidel in 2006, Raúl Castro
has kept Cuba’s repressive legal and institutional structures firmly in place.
Cuba is a totalitarian state.
Its characteristics are:
1- Elaborate guiding
2- Single mass party, led by a
3- System of terror, using such
instruments as violence and secret police.
4- Monopoly on
5- Monopoly on the means of
6- Monopoly on education. The brainwashing begins in
7- Central direction and control of the economy through state planning.
Up to December 15,
2008, Cuba Archive documented more
than 8,200 fatalities or
disappearances, which are almost three times the 2,296 disappearances or
killings by the dictatorship of Pinochet.
On February 24, 2017, political prisoner Hamel Santiago Maz Hernández died in the great prison of Havana, known as Combinado del Este. He
languished in prison since June 3, 2016, that is, more than 8 months without being subjected to “trial”. Maz Hernández was accused of “contempt” (disrespect to any government